Additional Note: What is the Blasphemy Against the Holy Spirit?

01/11/2017

The text for this Sunday (5th November) is Matthew 12.22-50. In time you should be able to pick up the audio recording of the sermon at http://www.sgw.org.uk on the sermons page.

The sermon focuses on verses 38-50, skipping over the section that includes these verses:

And so I tell you, every sin and blasphemy will be forgiven men, but the blasphemy against the Spirit will not be forgiven. (Matthew 12:31 NIV)

These are serious words and it is vital that we understand them rightly. What is Jesus speaking about and what is he saying here?

Jesus is speaking with people who deny that Jesus is the Son of David, come from God, but instead claim he has come from the devil, also called Beelzebub. He calls this blasphemy and it is against the Spirit because His work is to bring people to see who Jesus truly is – the Messiah.

At this point no-one believes that Jesus is the Messiah: the disciples’ first confession of this comes in Chapter 16, and the Pharisees are all opposed to Jesus. Everyone at this point speaks against the Son, Jesus.

Some later repent of that unbelief, after Jesus’ death and resurrection. Peter would deny Jesus, yet he was forgiven and restored. Paul, himself a Pharisee, had persecuted Jesus’ followers, yet when he repented he too was forgiven.

Those who spoke against the Son were forgiven because they turned to the Son for forgiveness:

But other persisted in their unbelief. They continued to reject Jesus, and to deny that he was the Messiah. They refused to believe the testimony of the Holy Spirit that Jesus is the Messiah and that forgiveness is found only in him. Those who speak against the Spirit will not be forgiven because they rejected the only person who can forgive them.

I think it is Ben Cooper who uses the picture of pushing away the ladder of the fire fighter who has come to take you from a burning house. If you turn away the means of rescue, you cannot be saved. In a similar way, those who turn away Jesus the saviour cannot be saved.

What should you do if you think you are guilty of the blasphemy against the Holy Spirit? Take it to Jesus and he will forgive it. It’s a promise.

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Sabbatical Update (2)

01/03/2017

As St David’s Day dawns so does the last month of Sabbatical. What has happened so far, and what is planned for the remainder?

The Story So Far

I mentioned in my previous update that the pattern from the end of January is mainly of a week away followed by a week at home. Here are some highlights of trips away. Not because time at home is not interesting, but because it is harder to write about the excitement of reading and thinking, and breathing.

Ghana

When I last wrote I was about to travel to Ghana for a week’s training on adult education. What  a delightful and refreshing trip! The workshop, organised by Langham Preaching, was to equip their trainers and facilitators, enabled me to catch up with the training that my co-workers in Togo and Benin received last year. I was also able to spend time with men I have worked with in Togo and Burkina Faso, as well as to meet Femi and Emeka, Langham’s coordinators for Africa. At least four of the Africans present had attended the Cornhill Training Course in London and we found we had a number of mutual friends. (For Wembdon people, Ben Burge currently attends this course in London).

Birmingham

The following week we went as a family to Birmingham to help City Church think through some issues in Parenting, as well as take a sightseeing trip round the amazing library, and of course have a curry.

If I remember rightly, Birmingham was my second-choice university if I did not get the grades I needed. Had that happened, I think it might have been OK.

 

The Hookses

John Stott’s books exerted a significant influence on my Christian life. They still do. Langham Partnership was also the fruit of his vision, and it was a privilege to spend a week’s retreat at the Hookses in Pembrokeshire, where John Stott (now in glory) wrote most of his fifty or so books. I was there with writer and speaker Mark Meynell (also an associate Director with Langham Preaching). He mainly wrote and I mainly read. We both ate, walked and talked. Since the main house was unoccupied, we had a peaceful time, except for storm Doris.

Senegal

On Sunday I will travel (DV) to Dakar, Senegal, to take part in a Langham seminar. I had hoped to be observing to learn from Mike, the experienced trainer who oversees the francophone work, but the seminar has been so heavily subscribed that they have started a second track. As a result I will be teaching one track and Mike leading the other. Nevertheless it will be good to be teaching again, and I hope to put into practice some of the ideas picked up in Ghana. Although there is inevitably a lot of work, I usually find these trips refreshing.

Brussels

The final overseas trip will be to the Bible Institute in Brussels and to visit a church in one of the regions where friends of ours are in pastoral ministry. I am looking forward to returning to the country where I spend my early childhood, as well as meeting with friends to encourage and be encouraged.

Baking

I mentioned my vow to spare you the weekly essay. But to prove that I am alive, I thought I would bake a cake each week. Pictures have appeared on facebook to show the progression of sponges. I did not bake while in Ghana of course. For some reason I thought that the Hookses would not be equipped for baking, but I was wrong. However the nearest shop is an hour’s round trip, which was too far to pop out for some eggs, flour, and flour. Maybe next time.

If you’re a praying person

Thank you for praying for me, and for us as a family, and for the church. Please continue. Please pray that I would be an encouragement to the various people I will meet and work with over the coming weeks, and that the rest of the Sabbatical will prepare me to return to parish ministry with renewed vigour and vision.


Speak

06/02/2017

What did I mean when I said that through a recent course of study I had learned to speak better?

Speaking is important to a minister because it’s a ministry of the word, and in reformed circles, preaching is a significant activity. Any course that helps me to speak and preach better must be good! So what worked?

Three areas of attention have helped me develop further (biblical languages, exegesis and biblical theology are assumed here)

1. Christ-centred preaching. With the quality of training and models I have been blessed to receive, I should be a much better preacher than I am. Covenant Seminary introduced me to Bryan Chapell’s Christ Centered Preaching. I recommend it for the FCF – Fallen Condition Focus – a way to find the gospel connection to any talk and theme.

2. Pastoral Application is enhanced by knowing people better. And asking good questions opens that door.

3. Clarity flows from logical exposition. Which I learned as I grew in the ability to write.


Listen

30/01/2017

What did I mean when I said that through a recent course of study I had learned to listen better?

Questions lie at the heart of ministry. It is notable how many times Jesus asks questions in his encounters, and how the replies reveal the other person’s thoughts and attitudes.

The model for the dissertation in this course is qualitative research, which is opposed to quantitative research. The latter aims to be objective, either through measurement, or through exhaustive study of the field. As a scientist by training, I have been deeply schooled in this way of thinking. In qualitative research the key data are the subjects experiences. How subjective is that! It is subjective, and does not give an exhaustive view of a field, but it can allow insight into how those subjects perceive a whole system. I now see more and more value in this approach because I understand that not everyone else is like me. How they see the world affects how they will act, even if it’s not how I see the world and how I would act.

Both types of research depend on questions. Qualitative research needs to ask sufficiently open questions for the subject to speak in their own terms, and reveal their own points of view. Not only is this genuinely interesting for research interviews, it’s essential for pastoral ministry to find out what people really think, and why.

Learning to listen by asking better questions was a surprising take-away from the course. The set-text for qualitative research is by Merriam. I have another book to read soon which may prove useful on asking questions: Vella Learning to Listen, Learning to Teach.

 


So…How is the Sabbatical going?

27/01/2017

I promised to spare the church a blow-by-blow, book-by-book account of my Sabbatical progress. We agreed that instead I would share prayer points every 3-4 weeks. Now at the end of week four, I find I am overdue an update.

How is it going?

The pattern for these past weeks has been of reading interrupted by other activities. This pattern will change at the end of the week. Without giving a detailed breakdown of reading, I have delved into scripture, some history (Augustine) and biblical studies.
I have taught at the Ministry Training Course in Bath, and visited London three times with my family (a camp reunion, a university interview, and a funeral). And of course I have baked a weekly cake, photos of which became something of a hit on facebook. For the record, the all-in-one sponge is OK but the whisked fatless sponge has so far eluded me.

What is coming up?

From now on the pattern is mainly of a week away and a week at home. First up is a week in Ghana for some training on dialogue in adult education. I am really excited about the possibilities. As well as meeting new people, I hope to catch up with a couple of Langham Africa contacts.
When I get home, Christa and I will be leading a parenting seminar at City Church, Birmingham. Later in the month there is a week’s reading (or writing) retreat. I need to wrap up my dissertation and write up the results into a small book.

What can we pray?

Please pray for the trip to Ghana, for safety and health, for transformative learning so that I may be better equipped to teach and to train in Africa as well as at home.
And please pray that the reading, writing and study time would be fruitful.
Above I covet your prayers that my love for the Lord Jesus would grow through all this.

Thank you for your support and prayers. I am praying for you daily too.

 


Write

23/01/2017

What did I mean when I said that through a recent course of study I had learned to write?

I meant I can write better than before. As with reading, I was already capable of stringing words together to form a sentence. What changed can be summarised as the ability to create longer paragraphs and shorter sentences.

Paragraphs are the building blocks of an argument, and a single paragraph should contain a single idea. No-one ever taught me that, to the evident consternation of the scholar who supervised my first dissertation! For anything under 3,000 words one can usually get away with loose paragraphs, but for anything longer the discipline of building a water-tight argument is essential. Returning to writing longer papers and eventually a dissertation forced me to improve my paragraphs. Curiously I think the real benefit will be seen in my preaching if I can develop thoughts with greater clarity. The two recommended texts are William Zinser On Writing Well and Booth, Colomb and Williams The Craft of Research.

Sentences are the building blocks of paragraphs and they too should have a single thought each. My challenge is that word order has been a mystery for too long. As a scientist by training I am used to decoding formulae – the clue is to begin at the heart of the brackets and work outwards. That is why scientists read slowly and thoroughly (see my post on reading) I also learned foreign languages in which word order is dictated by grammar. For example in German, the verb is either in second position or at the end, and adverbial phrases are ordered by time, manner and place. So the idea that word order could be set by style as well as logic and grammar has been a gradual discovery. The set book, Strunk & White’s Elements of Style, did not really help me here. (My other gripe with this book is that successive editions have still not learned that Bridgwater in Somerset does not have a central ‘e’). Strunk and White have an arch-rival, Stanley Fish, whose How to Write a Sentence: And how to read one was a revelation. His point that a sentence consists of words in a logical order helped the penny to drop.

Much remains mysterious about style. But I recommend reading and writing to improve reading and writing.


Read

16/01/2017

What did I mean when I said that through a recent course of study I had learned to read better?

Of course I could read before. So what changed? Mortimer Adler and Charles van Doren’s aptly-titled How to Read a Book explains there are four levels of reading.

The first is Elementary reading, which you have mastered if you can read this blog!

Second is Inspectional Reading to get a sense of what the book is about and how it sets out to get there. In my experience this means leafing through the contents, index, and reading the first and last chapters, with a skim of the conclusion of the major parts in between. Some authors even save you the bother by setting it all out in a long introduction! It is if you like, getting a feel for the lie of the land. (Much easier in my experience with a print book than a digital one).

The third level enables one to ‘come to terms’ with the book. That phrase has a specific meaning, which is to understand the author’s key phrases (the terms), and understand how they are used here (coming to terms). That enables one to define what problem the author is trying to solve, how the parts of the book come together, and whether the problems have in fact been solved. Which opens the way to criticism, for which the following rules are given:

Do not say you agree, or disagree, or suspend judgement until you can say, “I understand.”
Do not disagree disputatiously or contentiously
Present good reasons for the critical judgement you make.

If you can show wherein the author is uninformed, misinformed or illogical, then you can state why you disagree. If their analysis or account is incomplete then you can explain why you suspend judgement

The fourth level of reading is Syntopical reading, which is to bring several authors together as they speak on a certain discussion. If you’re with me so far, you might recognise this as the skill that essay subjects aim to develop – to see what different authors say about a similar question, and to let them speak in their terms.

So what did I learn through the DMin? I learned that by growing in the Third and Fourth stages of reading, I could read better and quicker. Speed was important because of the need to get the reading done in the midst of a busy ministry. Quality mattered because this is a serious course with a credible doctoral dissertation as the desired end-product. I found that for too long I had read every word of every page and lost sight of the author’s main arguments. In other words, I used to read non-fiction in the same way I still read fiction – from start to finish.

It’s a legacy of my undergraduates studies which were in natural science. Chemistry is not an essay subject: the merits or otherwise of a reaction aren’t settled by argument on paper, they are settled in lab by experiment. And text books are dense texts filled with formulae that do not respond well to skim-reading. My first studies required me to read closely but I never needed to read intelligently. Somehow I stumbled through theological studies without really mastering the latter either. Thankfully the DMin helped me gain my feet in Learning How to Read a Book. I wish I had discovered that book twenty years ago.